Kako se uporablja mod_geoip na gostovanju s .htaccess (Allow, Deny) direktivami?

Da, na vseh strežnikih za spletno gostovanje in reseller gostovanje je nameščen mod_geoip in baza se redno samodejno posodablja.

geoip geoip

Naročnikom omogoča ureditev omejitve dostopa do spletnih vsebin (domene) ali ureditev preusmeritve glede na državo obiskovalca.

Vedno nujno tudi opravite test, da ste želeno dosegli.

Sledijo primeri uporabe z datoteko .htaccess.

Kako blokiram vse IP naslove iz določenih držav?

Blokada obiskovalcev iz določenih držav.

Vsem ostalim obiskovalcem pa je dostop do spletnih vsebin na vaši domeni omogočen.

<IfModule mod_geoip.c>
# Blokada dostopa iz slednjih drzav
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE CN BlockCountry
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE RU BlockCountry
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE UA BlockCountry
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE MX BlockCountry
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE BR BlockCountry
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE IN BlockCountry
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE ID BlockCountry
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE KR BlockCountry
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE PE BlockCountry
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE IQ BlockCountry
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE SG BlockCountry
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE TW BlockCountry
# ... dopisete lahko dodatne drzave
Deny from env=BlockCountry
</IfModule>

Obiskovalcem iz blokiranih držav se ob obisku domene (spletne strani) izpiše forbidden.

geoip

Geoip in 403 Forbidden (ErrorDocument 403)

Dodate lahko še direktivo za prilagojeno oz. besedilo po meri za ErrorDocument 403, na primer:

ErrorDocument 403 'Restricted Access | Omejen dostop'

Kako omogočim dostop le obiskovalcem določenih držav?

Dostop omogočite le obiskovalcem iz določenih držav.

Vsem ostalim obiskovalcem pa je dostop do spletnih vsebin na vaši domeni onemogočen.

<IfModule mod_geoip.c>
# Dostop je omogocen obiskovalcem iz Slovenije, Hrvaske in ZDA
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE SI AllowCountry
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE HR AllowCountry
SetEnvIf GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE US AllowCountry
# ... dopisete lahko dodatne drzave
Deny from all
Allow from env=AllowCountry
</IfModule>

Primera preusmeritve glede na državo obiskovalca

Vrednost DOMENA spremenite v ime vaše domene.
<IfModule mod_geoip.c>
# Preusmeritev obiskovalcev iz ene drzave
RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{ENV:GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE} ^SI$
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://DOMENA$1 [L]
</IfModule>
<IfModule mod_geoip.c>
# Preusmeritev obiskovalcev iz vecih drzav na eno spletno stran
RewriteEngine on
RewriteCond %{ENV:GEOIP_COUNTRY_CODE} ^(SI|IT|DE)$
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ https://DOMENA$1 [L]
</IfModule>

Kode držav (ISO 3166 Country Codes) mod_geoip

A1,"Anonymous Proxy"
A2,"Satellite Provider"
O1,"Other Country"
AD,"Andorra"
AE,"United Arab Emirates"
AF,"Afghanistan"
AG,"Antigua and Barbuda"
AI,"Anguilla"
AL,"Albania"
AM,"Armenia"
AO,"Angola"
AP,"Asia/Pacific Region"
AQ,"Antarctica"
AR,"Argentina"
AS,"American Samoa"
AT,"Austria"
AU,"Australia"
AW,"Aruba"
AX,"Aland Islands"
AZ,"Azerbaijan"
BA,"Bosnia and Herzegovina"
BB,"Barbados"
BD,"Bangladesh"
BE,"Belgium"
BF,"Burkina Faso"
BG,"Bulgaria"
BH,"Bahrain"
BI,"Burundi"
BJ,"Benin"
BL,"Saint Barthelemy"
BM,"Bermuda"
BN,"Brunei Darussalam"
BO,"Bolivia"
BQ,"Bonaire, Saint Eustatius and Saba"
BR,"Brazil"
BS,"Bahamas"
BT,"Bhutan"
BV,"Bouvet Island"
BW,"Botswana"
BY,"Belarus"
BZ,"Belize"
CA,"Canada"
CC,"Cocos (Keeling) Islands"
CD,"Congo, The Democratic Republic of the"
CF,"Central African Republic"
CG,"Congo"
CH,"Switzerland"
CI,"Cote d'Ivoire"
CK,"Cook Islands"
CL,"Chile"
CM,"Cameroon"
CN,"China"
CO,"Colombia"
CR,"Costa Rica"
CU,"Cuba"
CV,"Cape Verde"
CW,"Curacao"
CX,"Christmas Island"
CY,"Cyprus"
CZ,"Czech Republic"
DE,"Germany"
DJ,"Djibouti"
DK,"Denmark"
DM,"Dominica"
DO,"Dominican Republic"
DZ,"Algeria"
EC,"Ecuador"
EE,"Estonia"
EG,"Egypt"
EH,"Western Sahara"
ER,"Eritrea"
ES,"Spain"
ET,"Ethiopia"
EU,"Europe"
FI,"Finland"
FJ,"Fiji"
FK,"Falkland Islands (Malvinas)"
FM,"Micronesia, Federated States of"
FO,"Faroe Islands"
FR,"France"
GA,"Gabon"
GB,"United Kingdom"
GD,"Grenada"
GE,"Georgia"
GF,"French Guiana"
GG,"Guernsey"
GH,"Ghana"
GI,"Gibraltar"
GL,"Greenland"
GM,"Gambia"
GN,"Guinea"
GP,"Guadeloupe"
GQ,"Equatorial Guinea"
GR,"Greece"
GS,"South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands"
GT,"Guatemala"
GU,"Guam"
GW,"Guinea-Bissau"
GY,"Guyana"
HK,"Hong Kong"
HM,"Heard Island and McDonald Islands"
HN,"Honduras"
HR,"Croatia"
HT,"Haiti"
HU,"Hungary"
ID,"Indonesia"
IE,"Ireland"
IL,"Israel"
IM,"Isle of Man"
IN,"India"
IO,"British Indian Ocean Territory"
IQ,"Iraq"
IR,"Iran, Islamic Republic of"
IS,"Iceland"
IT,"Italy"
JE,"Jersey"
JM,"Jamaica"
JO,"Jordan"
JP,"Japan"
KE,"Kenya"
KG,"Kyrgyzstan"
KH,"Cambodia"
KI,"Kiribati"
KM,"Comoros"
KN,"Saint Kitts and Nevis"
KP,"Korea, Democratic People's Republic of"
KR,"Korea, Republic of"
KW,"Kuwait"
KY,"Cayman Islands"
KZ,"Kazakhstan"
LA,"Lao People's Democratic Republic"
LB,"Lebanon"
LC,"Saint Lucia"
LI,"Liechtenstein"
LK,"Sri Lanka"
LR,"Liberia"
LS,"Lesotho"
LT,"Lithuania"
LU,"Luxembourg"
LV,"Latvia"
LY,"Libyan Arab Jamahiriya"
MA,"Morocco"
MC,"Monaco"
MD,"Moldova, Republic of"
ME,"Montenegro"
MF,"Saint Martin"
MG,"Madagascar"
MH,"Marshall Islands"
MK,"Macedonia"
ML,"Mali"
MM,"Myanmar"
MN,"Mongolia"
MO,"Macao"
MP,"Northern Mariana Islands"
MQ,"Martinique"
MR,"Mauritania"
MS,"Montserrat"
MT,"Malta"
MU,"Mauritius"
MV,"Maldives"
MW,"Malawi"
MX,"Mexico"
MY,"Malaysia"
MZ,"Mozambique"
NA,"Namibia"
NC,"New Caledonia"
NE,"Niger"
NF,"Norfolk Island"
NG,"Nigeria"
NI,"Nicaragua"
NL,"Netherlands"
NO,"Norway"
NP,"Nepal"
NR,"Nauru"
NU,"Niue"
NZ,"New Zealand"
OM,"Oman"
PA,"Panama"
PE,"Peru"
PF,"French Polynesia"
PG,"Papua New Guinea"
PH,"Philippines"
PK,"Pakistan"
PL,"Poland"
PM,"Saint Pierre and Miquelon"
PN,"Pitcairn"
PR,"Puerto Rico"
PS,"Palestinian Territory"
PT,"Portugal"
PW,"Palau"
PY,"Paraguay"
QA,"Qatar"
RE,"Reunion"
RO,"Romania"
RS,"Serbia"
RU,"Russian Federation"
RW,"Rwanda"
SA,"Saudi Arabia"
SB,"Solomon Islands"
SC,"Seychelles"
SD,"Sudan"
SE,"Sweden"
SG,"Singapore"
SH,"Saint Helena"
SI,"Slovenia"
SJ,"Svalbard and Jan Mayen"
SK,"Slovakia"
SL,"Sierra Leone"
SM,"San Marino"
SN,"Senegal"
SO,"Somalia"
SR,"Suriname"
SS,"South Sudan"
ST,"Sao Tome and Principe"
SV,"El Salvador"
SX,"Sint Maarten"
SY,"Syrian Arab Republic"
SZ,"Swaziland"
TC,"Turks and Caicos Islands"
TD,"Chad"
TF,"French Southern Territories"
TG,"Togo"
TH,"Thailand"
TJ,"Tajikistan"
TK,"Tokelau"
TL,"Timor-Leste"
TM,"Turkmenistan"
TN,"Tunisia"
TO,"Tonga"
TR,"Turkey"
TT,"Trinidad and Tobago"
TV,"Tuvalu"
TW,"Taiwan"
TZ,"Tanzania, United Republic of"
UA,"Ukraine"
UG,"Uganda"
UM,"United States Minor Outlying Islands"
US,"United States"
UY,"Uruguay"
UZ,"Uzbekistan"
VA,"Holy See (Vatican City State)"
VC,"Saint Vincent and the Grenadines"
VE,"Venezuela"
VG,"Virgin Islands, British"
VI,"Virgin Islands, U.S."
VN,"Vietnam"
VU,"Vanuatu"
WF,"Wallis and Futuna"
WS,"Samoa"
YE,"Yemen"
YT,"Mayotte"
ZA,"South Africa"
ZM,"Zambia"
ZW,"Zimbabwe"

Več o Kode držav (ISO 3166 Country Codes) za GeoIP uporabo (dostop do spletne strani).